Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek – TNO
TNO is the largest fully independent Research, Development and Consultancy organisation in the Netherlands with a staff of over 4,500 and a total annual turnover of circa 500 million Euro. TNO derives about 25 per cent of its contract R&D (approx. 70 million Euro per year) from foreign organizations (private sector, governments and international organizations). Its primary tasks are to support and assist trade and industry, governments and others in technological innovation and in solving problems by rendering services and transferring knowledge and know-how.
One of the institutes of TNO is TNO Built Environment & Geosciences, an expert centre and contract research institute for governmental agencies and industry in the field of sustainable development and environmentally oriented process innovation. The institute has a staff of 350 professionals, which are active in environmental quality, safety and environmental technology and process engineering. Major fields of research and consultancy include the analysis and evaluation of emissions of pollutants, the assessment of the quality of air, water and soil, studies of the behaviour and fate of pollutants and their effects on the environment.
The Business unit Environment, Health and Safety is an expert centre and contract research partner for industry and government in the field of sustainable development and environmentally oriented process innovation.
It covers research, development and consultancy in the fields of:
- Environment Policy Development;
- Environmental Modelling;
- Environmental Impact Assessment / Life Cycle Analysis; and
- Environmental Protection Technologies.
TNO will be the work package leader of WP8; In this work package the eco-efficiency performance (costs and environmental benefits including CO2 performance and embodied energy) of the products to be developed is monitored. The product development is guided by a Quick scan approach to be developed within this work packages. Since the science of Life Cycle Analysis is relatively new, especially in the area of biocomposites, some new definitions of impact analysis will be defined and this can subsequently feed into the greater knowledge-base of LCA theory. A final report will show the cradle to grave analysis of current and BioBuild materials showing embodied energy data, CO2 emissions and associated performance improvements such as thermal, durability, safety and aesthetic qualities. Finally an economic analysis will be carried out to show how the new materials compete and how the supply chain can work.